Mullaperiyar Dam Kerala Tamil Nadu Agreement

Kerala drew attention to the injustice of the 1886 lease and questioned its validity. However, the safety problems of the 119-year-old dam for Kerala`s security in the event of a dam failure have been at the centre of the clashes since 2009. Kerala`s proposal to stop the dam and build a new one has been questioned by Tamil Nadu. In 2010, as part of a new attempt at mediation, the Supreme Court established a five-member plenipotentiary committee to examine the various concerns of states. With both sides awaiting the commission`s report, a series of low-intensity earthquakes rocked Idukki in 2011. According to Kerala media, the earthquakes had caused cracks on the surface of the dam. This led to national protests calling for the dam to be closed. Protests have become violent in many parts and have deteriorated relations between the two states. 4) The first cracks in this agreement appeared in 1979, when the local press claimed that a small earthquake had caused cracks in the damnation. For Tamil Nadu, the Mullaperiyar Dam and the diverted periyar water act are a source for the districts of Theni, Madurai, Sivaganga and Ramnad, which provide water for irrigation, drink and also for electricity generation in the Lower Periyar power plant.

Tamil Nadu insisted on exercising its full control rights of the dam and its waters on the basis of the 1866 lease. [Citation required] Kerala drew attention to the unfairness of the 1886 lease and questioned the validity of that contract. However, the safety problems of the 116-year-old dam for the safety of the people of Kerala in the event of a dam failure have been at the centre of the clashes since 2009. Kerala`s proposal to build the dam and a new dam based on ecological and deadly risk has been challenged by Tamil Nadu. Three years after that ruling, Thursday`s recent court order shows that the Mullaperiyar Dam remains a bone of contention between Kerala and Tamil Nadu, with mutilating interpretations of everything from the correctness of the 1886 agreement that governs its use to the structural security of the project. Mr. Karunanidhi, then Minister of Nadu, said that immediately after the Supreme Court announced its decision to create a commission, he had written to the President of the Congress asking the Centre to mediate between Kerala and Tamil Nadu on the Mullaperiyar issue. [19] However, the then leader of the opposition, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu J. Jayalalithaa, opposed the TN government`s approach. She said it would bring benefits to Kerala in this regard. Meanwhile, Kerala`s Minister of Water Resources, N.

K. Premachandran, said the state should have the right to build, own, operate and maintain the new dam while giving water to Tamil Nadu on the basis of a clear agreement. He also informed the media that former Supreme Court Justice K. T. Thomas will represent Kerala in the Supreme Court panel. [21] 3) The agreement granted the neighbouring province full rights for the construction of irrigation projects in the countryside. This agreement was renewed in the 1970s by both Tamil Nadu and Kerala, allocating previous rights to the dam`s land and water, in addition to the power to develop hydroelectric projects on the site. In exchange, Kerala would receive rent from Tamil Nadu. For those who are not introduced to the history of the Mullaperiyar, here are some facts: the dam, located in the Idukki district of Kerala, is operated and maintained by Tamil Nadu to meet the drinking water and irrigation needs of five of its meridian districts.